As tensions mount, Mattis seeks more resilient U.S. ties with China’s military
U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis told his Chinese counterpart in mid-October 2018 that the world’s two largest economies need to deepen high-level ties to navigate tension and rein in the risk of inadvertent conflict.
Mattis saw firsthand in September how mounting Sino-U.S. friction can undermine military contacts when Beijing upended plans for him to travel to China in October to meet Defense Minister Wei Fenghe.
It was retaliation for recent U.S. sanctions, one of a growing number of flashpoints in relations between Washington and Beijing that include a bitter trade war, Taiwan and the People’s Republic of China’s (PRC’s) increasingly muscular military posture in the South China Sea.
Mattis and Wei made no remarks as they shook hands at the start of their talks on the sidelines of a regional security conference in Singapore. (Pictured: U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis, left, and PRC Defense Minister Wei Fenghe greet ahead of talks in Singapore in October 2018.)
The meeting ended without any public statements.
Randall Schriver, a U.S. assistant secretary of defense who helps guide Pentagon policy in Asia, said Mattis and Wei largely restated differing views on thorny security disputes but agreed on the need for durable ties.
“Both acknowledged that the meeting itself was significant and that high-level communication can help,” Schriver said. “So, I think it was productive in that regard.”
Schriver said making military-to-military ties with the PRC less brittle would be crucial to helping reduce the chances of a devastating conflict.
“Two nuclear-armed powers with regional, if not global, interests — we need to make sure that when we step on one another’s toes, it doesn’t escalate into something that would be catastrophic,” Schriver told reporters traveling with Mattis.
Wei has a standing invitation to visit the United States, but no date was agreed for his trip, Schriver said.
Military-to-military ties have long been one of the more fragile parts of the overall U.S.-China relationship, with Beijing limiting contacts when tensions run high. That has been a source of major concern for years among U.S. officials, who fear an accidental collision or mishap could quickly escalate.
“What we want in terms of stability are regular interactions at senior levels, so we have a good understanding of one another’s intentions, that we have confidence-building measures that will help us prevent an unintended accident or incident,” Schriver said.
“And, should one occur, that we have the ability to manage that, so it doesn’t worsen.”
The PRC has been infuriated by the United States putting sanctions on its military for buying weapons from Russia, and by what Beijing sees as stepped-up U.S. support for self-ruled Taiwan, claimed by the PRC as its sacred territory.
In a recent reminder of the risks amid rising tensions, the Pentagon in October 2018 accused the PRC of an unsafe and unprofessional maneuver in the South China Sea that brought a PRC ship dangerously close to a U.S. Navy destroyer in international waters.
Mattis, speaking to reporters as he flew to Asia, rejected PRC claims that the United States was acting aggressively, and he pointed the finger at Beijing.
“When the Chinese ships are putting bumpers over the side, … you don’t do that when you’re out in the middle of the ocean, unless you’re intending to run into something,” Mattis said.
But tensions between the United States and the PRC have already extended well beyond naval maneuvers and even the trade war.
U.S. President Donald Trump in September 2018 accused the PRC of seeking to meddle in November 6 congressional elections, a charge almost immediately rejected by Beijing.
U.S. Vice President Mike Pence, in what was billed as a major policy address, renewed that and other accusations and added that Chinese security agencies had masterminded the “wholesale theft of American technology,” including military blueprints.
The Pentagon’s top concerns have been the PRC’s rapid military modernization and simultaneous creation of military outposts in the South China Sea, a strategic waterway vital for international trade. The Pentagon withdrew an invitation to China to a multinational exercise earlier this year in protest.
The PRC expressed disappointment to Mattis over that decision, Schriver said.
“Minister Wei said that he did hope that there’d be future opportunities. And if the relationship progresses that way, I’m sure we’ll entertain it,” Schriver said.
“But we’re not there right now.”