Partial Fossil of Turkey-Size Dinosaur Found in Australia
In sandstone, next to the high-tide mark at the edge of Bass Strait in southeastern Australia, scientists have unearthed fossils of a two-legged, turkey-size, plant-eating dinosaur apparently swept away in a large, powerful ancient river.
Paleontologists in January 2018 said the partial skeleton of the previously unknown beast, named Diluvicursor pickeringi, that lived about 113 million years ago. It provides insight into the array of dinosaurs during the Cretaceous Period that inhabited Australia when it was still connected to Antarctica.
“Skeletons of dinosaurs from Australia are very rare,” said University of Queensland paleontologist Matthew Herne, noting that Diluvicursor brings the number of Australian dinosaurs that have been named to 19.
Scientists found Diluvicursor’s remains among a jumbled collection of large fossilized tree trunks also apparently swept down the river during a flood. The site is on the south coast of the state of Victoria, about 170 kilometers from Melbourne.
Diluvicursor was about 2.3 meters long. Herne said it was “comparable to a large domesticated turkey in weight, but of course much longer than a turkey because of its tail.” The fossils included an almost complete tail, the lower part of the right leg and most of the right foot.
It lived alongside meat-eating dinosaurs about 6 meters long, as well as armored dinosaurs, turtles, shrew-size mammals and flying reptiles called pterosaurs. Diluvicursor, a member of a dinosaur group called ornithopods, was similar to another small, two-legged herbivorous dinosaur called Leaellynasaura that lived at about the same time and whose remains were unearthed about 15 kilometers away, Herne said.
The two may have occupied different ecological niches and eaten different plants. Leaellynasaura was more lightly built, had a longer tail and may have been a more agile runner.
“An analogy can be seen in the kind of diversity seen in the kangaroos and wallabies in present-day Australia who occupy very different niches, from open plains to dense forest habitats,” Herne said.
Diluvicursor roamed a forested broad rift valley flood plain between Australia and Antarctica, which remained connected until about 45 million years ago.
“The jury’s out on the climate,” Herne said. “Some believe that the climate was cold with winter ice, while others suggest the climate was warmer or more temperate.”
Its genus name, Diluvicursor, means “flood runner.” Its species name, pickeringi, honors the late paleontologist David Pickering.
The research was published in the scientific journal PeerJ. Reuters